advertisement
Tribridge
  • One on One
    Subscribe
     

Kennedy Corner

  • »A Force in Consumer Banking
    Banks have been stepping up their customer satisfaction game in recent years against the typical market forces at play. The pace of change has been head-spinning for an industry not well known for its swift response to customers.
  • »Time To Simplify and Get Organized (Well, At Least Your Cloud Services)
    The practice of adding cloud services in silos and based on specific department needs often results in overlapping and many different contracts with the same vendors.
  • »Riding the Waves of Healthcare Risk
    The modern healthcare system is much like the ocean—stormy, choppy, and hostile at times, soothing, calm and inviting at others. For surfers, the more waves you go for, the more you will catch, and the more likely you’ll “wipe-out.”
  • »The Department of Defense Wants a New Mantra
    “Do more with less.” It’s become a tired refrain that U.S. Department of Defense leadership is all too familiar with hearing from all directions, whether it is their direct superiors, Congress, or the Executive.
  • »Things Go Wrong
    Things go wrong. Anyone who plays poker knows this. One moment you’re on the verge of a royal flush, and the next, you pull a six of diamonds, and you’re called. Things do indeed go wrong.
  • »The Next Big Thing
    Consultants are always looking for the next big thing, the innovation that will see clients storming through their gates, bypassing pesky procurement departments, and writing blank checks for the magic mousetrap that whitens and brightens and cleans windows, too.
» View all

Travel Advisory

  • »Marriott Goes Big in NYC
    Marriott International, Inc. and G Holdings opened what they’re calling an “iconic addition” to the New York skyline, a combined 378-room Courtyard hotel and 261-suite Residence Inn hotel in midtown Manhattan. The $320 million, 68-story property is the tallest single-use hotel in North America.
  • »Best Places to Stay: Travel Bounces Back
    Consultants are on the road again, at least according to the results of our annual Best Places to Stay survey.
  • »FAA: ‘Staffing Challenges’ Causing Delays
    In case you haven’t noticed, non-weather related delays at U.S. airports are on the rise. (And I know you’ve noticed that weather-related delays are definitely on the rise.)
  • »Hilton’s Building Boom
    Coming off a whirlwind 2012, Hilton Worldwide is the fastest growing global hospitality company by number of rooms.
» View all

Book It!

  • »Q&A: Keeping It Simple
    BCG’s Six Simple Rules sets out to simplify some organizational complexity.
  • »Review: Leading the Life You Want
    It seems that everyone has an opinion on work/life balance these days, but Stewart D. Friedman’s Leading the Life You Want isn’t necessarily one of them.
  • »Review: The Culture Map
    Globalization led to the rapid connection of internationally based employees from all levels of multinational companies, and now those same employees are expected to collaborate with colleagues scattered all over the world.
  • »Review: Twitter is Not a Strategy
    Today’s digital frenzy has led many to declare that advertising is dead… or at least dying. Is it?
  • »Excerpt: Procurement as Productivity
    The following is an excerpt from the book Procurement 20/20: Supply Entrepreneurship in a Changing World by a quartet of McKinsey & Company consultants—Peter Spiller, Nicolas Reinecke, Drew Ungerman and Henrique Teixera.
  • »Review: The Risk-Driven Business Model
    Most companies focus their innovation on new products.
» View all

Security Check

CAPTCHA Image
OK
Cancel
New Image
  • Home
  • Columns
  • Exclusives
7 8 2010
»Is Your Organization Ready to Conduct Effective Interviews?

By Jon Vegosen

With our nation coming out of the worst economy since the Great Depression, hiring may be the last thing on some employers’ minds. But there are signs that things are improving, and some companies are hiring. Moreover, employee turnover may result in job openings within organizations. Unfortunately, even in a “buyer’s market” hiring managers too often unwittingly settle on less than a stellar candidate. When the candidate comes aboard, managers lament: “This isn’t who I thought we hired!” This article outlines why this phenomenon can occur and offers some suggestions for conducting effective interviews.

Hire Against a Standard
Many managers fail to appreciate the importance of hiring against a standard. They do not establish ahead of time their hiring criteria and the successful results that they want a new employee to achieve once hired. Frequently, they look at a pool of candidates and simply hire the one that appears to be the “best of the lot.”
Instead, they should only employ an applicant who meets the employer’s hiring criteria. This approach increases the chances of finding the “must hire” candidate. Yes, it requires an employer to have the discipline and patience to “keep looking” if none of the applicants meet the hiring criteria. But the investment made can pay an employer rich dividends.

Prepare
Oftentimes members of the employer’s interviewing team do not prepare well for their interviews. Instead, they “wing it.” Interviewers should approach the hiring process seriously. They should learn as much about a candidate as possible before the interview. They should carefully review a candidate’s resume and other relevant information ahead of time and assess how “on paper” the candidate matches up with the employer’s hiring criteria.

Interviewers should also plan behavioral-based questions that track the employer’s hiring criteria and the results the employer wants the successful candidate to achieve. Because past performance is often an excellent prognosticator of future success, behavioral-based questioning can be a powerful interviewing tool. It is also an excellent way to avoid asking unlawful or inappropriate questions.

Behavioral-based questions are open-ended ones that (1) focus on the circumstances, (2) ascertain what actions a candidate took, and (3) reveal the results the candidate achieved. Examples of behavioral-based questions include:

• “Tell me about a situation when you persuaded a difficult customer to do business with your company.”
• “What has been your most significant achievement at ABC Company? What did you do, and what were the results?”


Structure the Interview
Another obstacle is that many hiring managers do not know how to structure an interview. Granted, there is not necessarily one way to structure to an interview. Some interviews are formal and others are more relaxed. In addition, the parties to an interview and their interaction will inevitably shape how it proceeds. Nevertheless, hiring managers tend to focus and hire better when they structure their interviews in an organized manner like the following:

1. Introduction
The first part of an interview is the introduction phase. This is the interviewer’s first impression of the candidate and the candidate’s first impression of the interviewer. From the candidate’s perspective, the interviewer not only represents the employer, but also the interviewer is the employer. It is critical to establish a good rapport with the candidate, to make the candidate feel comfortable, and to convey a sense of interest in the candidate. The interviewer should introduce himself or herself, shake the candidate’s hand firmly, and look the candidate in the eye. Remember—one can only make a first impression once. At the outset, it is advisable to try to find some common ground with the candidate. For example, an interviewer might say, “I see from your resume that you like movies. So do I. What’s your favorite movie?” The introduction phase should comprise about 10 percent of the interviewing time.

2. Discovery
The second part of the interview is the “discovery” phase. This should be the longest part of the interview and should comprise about 60 percent of the interviewing time. The interviewer will want to find out about and test his or her interest in the candidate. The best way to do so is to follow the 80/20 rule—to listen 80 percent of the time and speak only 20 percent of the time. It is critical to use behavioral-based questions to find out about the candidate’s past performance, skill, traits, character, fit, and any other relevant and legally permissible areas that are important in deciding whether the candidate is a good prospect and will be successful within the organization. It is equally essential to listen to the answers to questions. They may be vague. Or, the answers may provide fodder for additional questions. Either way, interviewers will need to follow-up and “drill down.”

3. Why Your Organization
The third part of the interview is to learn why the candidate is interested in joining the employer. Is the candidate’s interest genuine? Is the interest short-term or long-term? Is the candidate’s interest purely economic or are there other factors at work? How much does the applicant know about the employer? How much homework has he or she done before the interview? This phase should comprise about 10% of the interviewing time.

4. Candidate’s Questions
The fourth part of the interview is to give the candidate an opportunity to ask questions about the employer and the position. This can help make the candidate feel important, allow the candidate to test and reveal his or her interest in the organization, and determine whether there is a fit from his or her perspective. It is vital to listen carefully to the nature and quality of the candidate’s questions because they can assist in the evaluation of the candidate. This phase should comprise about 10 percent of the interviewing time.

5. Selling
The fifth part of the interview—selling—is discretionary. By selling, a manager may tip the employer’s hat too much as to what kind of candidate the employer is seeking. On the other hand, interviewing is also a marketing process. It may be necessary to generate some enthusiasm, especially if the candidate is being pursued by other employers. Interviewers need to be careful not to let selling dominate the interview. By the time the interview is over, they must have enough information to make a decision about the candidate. This phase should comprise about 7 percent of the interviewing time.

6. Closing

The closing is the last part of the interview. The interviewer should bring the interview to a conclusion, politely thank the candidate for his or her time, and let the candidate know the next step. For example, is the candidate meeting with someone else in the organization? Will the interviewer get back in touch with the candidate in a few weeks? Let the candidate know what to expect. This phase should comprise about 3 percent of the interviewing time.

Conclusion

Conducting effective interviews requires hiring managers to devise sound hiring criteria and to hire against a standard, to prepare for their interviews, and to structure their interviews. By investing the time in these fundamental steps, managers can significantly increase their chances of employing a “must hire” candidate.

______________________
Jon Vegosen is a founding member of Funkhouser Vegosen Liebman & Dunn Ltd. and has more than 33 years experience practicing law. He is nationally recognized for his work in labor and employment relations and is sought after as an author and spokesperson on labor and employment issues.
»Related Articles
  • Human Resources
  • Exclusives
advertisement

CMAG Careers

CMAG Subscribe Ad

 

  • Platinum Sponsors:

    BCG
    Deloitte

    Gold Sponsors:

    Mesirow

    Ernst & Young
    PwC

    Silver Sponsors:

    Capco
    KPMG

    Alix Partners
    ZS

    AonHewitt
  • Register

    Gold Sponsors:

    BCG
    Ernst & Young
    PwC
    Mesirow

    Silver Sponsors:

    IBM
    Mercer
    Capco
    Deloitte
  • Featured Speakers:

    Joseph Kornik

    Joseph Kornik
    Publisher and Editor-in-Chief,
    Consulting magazine

    Brian Murphy

    Brian Murphy
    Chief of Staff, Point B

    Brian Jacobsen

    Brian Jacobsen
    General Manager, Slalom Consulting

    Tom Rodenhauser

    Tom Rodenhauser
    Managing Director, Advisory Services, Kennedy Consulting Research & Advisory

    Sponsor Speaker:

    Drew West

    Drew West
    Director, Product Marketing,
    Deltek

    Sponsored By:

    Deltek Logo
|
»

Searching

page loading